From：Zhaoqing second machine tool works Co., Ltd. Release time：2019-05-15
Overview：Automation is a comprehensive science and technology involving many disciplines and applications. As a system engineering, it consists of 5 units
Automatic equipment is a comprehensive science and technology involving many disciplines and applications. As a system engineering, it consists of 5 units: 1 program unit. Decide what to do and how to do it. 2 action unit. Apply energy and positioning. 3 sensing unit. Detect the performance and status of the process. 4 Develop a unit. The information sent by the sensing unit is compared, and a command signal is formulated and issued. 5 control unit. The organization that develops and adjusts the unit of action. The research content of automation mainly includes two aspects of automatic control and information processing, including theory, method, hardware and software. From the application point of view, the research content includes process automation, mechanical manufacturing automation, manage automated smart communities, management automation, laboratory automation and home automation.
Automation of chemical processing of fluids or powders in industries such as petroleum refining and chemicals. Generally, a process control system consisting of a measuring instrument, a regulator, and a computer is used to optimally control a heating furnace, a rectification tower, or the like, or an entire plant. The main control methods used are feedback control, feedforward control and optimal control.
This is the result of a combination of mechanization, electrification and automatic control, and the object of processing is discrete workpieces. Early mechanical manufacturing automation was a stand-alone automation using mechanical or electrical components or a simple automated production line. After the 1960s, due to the application of electronic computers, CNC machine tools, machining centers, robots, computer-aided design, computer-aided manufacturing, and automated warehouses appeared. Developed a flexible manufacturing system (FMS) that is suitable for multi-variety and small-volume production. Automated workshops based on flexible manufacturing systems, plus information management and production management automation, have emerged from the use of computer integrated manufacturing systems (CIMS) factory automation.
After the 21st century, especially in recent years, mechanical automatic testing, classification, production, packaging, and printing have been widely used in factories. Improve industrial efficiency, reduce costs, and make a great contribution to the development of China's modern industry.